ROME – ANCIENT PANTHEON


An ancient beauty and a symbol of excelence and the perfection.

The buidling located in the centre of Rome,  is a glamorous example of ancient temples.

Edifice has been  built by Marcus Agrippa, roman general and statesman , and originally has been  dedicated to all ancient roman gods .

In the begining the building was surrounded by  many gods sculptures and had a stepped approach with the pediment.

The temple is circular in plan, consists of  three ranks of grey granite Corinthian columns which support a triangular stone portico/porch (originally there were two of  them),  pronaos (columnade leading to the entrance )  and a main chamber of a temple which is a rotonda that houses a nishes, apses and the oltars of the cult figures.

In the next centuries after conversion the temple into a catholic church, the gods figures were replaced by figures and thombes of the catholic saints, popes, great artists like Rafaell Santi, or music composer Corelli.

One of the most impressive things about the building is it’s interiour with  roman concrete dome, oculus – the only sorce of direct light in the temple and  lovely square coffers around the dome as well as the constructiion of the dome itself  which thickness variess from 6.4 m at the base of the dome to 1.2m at the top .

 No wonder why it is one of the most popular monuments in Rome for many centuries until today.

One more thing : when visitng that great edifice do not forgett about a lovely obelisk located outside, in front of the building, which was a very thoughtfull  idea in terms of a composition of a square, housing the Temple.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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ROME – COLOSSEUM- COLISEUM


This time I am going to present the slightly older, but still impressive building, the largest ever amphiteatre built in Roman Empire.

Located in the heart of Rome, to the east of the Roman Forum.It was constructed in 80 AD and until today is a wonderfull example of almost perfect, undoubtly beautyful architecture, transcendent patern for future thousands of stadiums.

The builders used all their knowledge and put a maximum effort to make sure that every element of the edifice was to ceasars standards and as technologicaly advanced as nowhere in the world, at those days.

They used a very steady travertine stone which gives the  building a yellowish hue,  the half collumns and pillars were all in  roman architectural style, following : roman doric, roman ionic, roman corinthian which seems to be the perfect solution giing the lightness and an illusion as if the building was rising to the sky.

 

Very popular those days in rome but how greatly practical and functional use of the roman arches,vaults, which were able to add some bigger openings to the really massive walls and on the other hand it was an excellent way of making the built more stylish, and more decorative.

They proposed almost impossible as for those time capacity of the building ,and the building was capable of seating          50 000 spectactors.


The ideal way of a drainage, superb design of a stage with it’s lots of facilities for the performers, and a spotless outlook for the audience.


Today it’s condition is slightly deteriorated but the structure is still considered as one of the seven wonders of the ancient world.            Here you will find out more about the Colosseum