LONDON-NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM


Located in South London, Kensington district, on Exhibition Road,  building was built in 1881, by the civil engineer Captain Francis Fowke who died shortly afterwards and the project was undertaken by Alfred Waterhouse .

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The final version of the architectural scheme  after his many alterations consisted of  one edifice in a rectangular plan, with two tall towers , grand portico, all in a romanesque style – what must have been  quite unusual  and  peculiar but still within the high Victorian style.B
The external elevations was made mainly of brick extensively cladded with the colorful terracotta mouldings manufactured by Gibbs and Canning Ltd, featured many relief sculptures of flora and fauna to liven up a Victorian buildings in the area.

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Nowadays the building is a perfect centre of entertainment for the families and nobody  gets out of the building bored or disgusted .
D
No 4 London’s most popular museums – it is really brilliant and it’s dinosaurs skeletons’ collection is truly impressive 🙂

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DUBLIN – ARTS BUILDING, BARCLEY LIBRARY – TRINITY COLLEGE


Dublin‘s most popular place to study is obviously Trinity College.The historical building is most desirable university in Ireland, but here I would like to present the newest part of it , an extention built in 1979   and then extended once again by the same architectural practice ABK – Ahrens, Burton,  Koralek .
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Located along the Nassau Street with the other two blocks forms the second courtyard of the college
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The original design of the rear elevations  from late 70′ was refreshed with the second extention to front, with it’s new concrete or stone cladding, slender openings and windows contrasting with the other big windows.
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One can see an architects desire to show the play of the bulks, the simplicity  of forms and a great affection to finishes and details.Contemporary look is also achieved by using the flat roofs, horizontal stone bands between the cladding, incorporating the pressed insulated aluminium panels withing some doors and windows.
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Of the courtyard side we can also see how big attention was paid the landscape architecture, paving, sculptures, external stairs, balustrades.
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The building is known at present as Arts Building Extention and Barkley Library.

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KRAKOW- CRACOW- COLLEGIUM MAIUS


Collegium Maius, the oldest  edifice of  Jagiellonian Univeristy in Krakow known also as Krakow Academy, was founded by polish king Wladislaw Jagiello.

Built in  15-th century as a late gothic structure with a large internal courtyard with a  pointed arched arcades and the cristal vaulting.

It is located in the corner of Jagiellonska Street and St Ann’s Street in a medieval  old town centre.

The very precious building for every krakovian and a university student.It is fully original edifice from the period mad of stone and brick  and the most fascinating features of the building is original paving from the period, the well,  located in the centre of the courtyard, the stone surrounded arcades, gothic pinnacles and doors and windows surrounds, the decorations of the balconies with the original stone crests of the old polish families and  founders.

The most famous graduates of the University where astronomer Copernicus in late 15-th century and John Paul II  in           20-th century.

The building is definitely a jewel of gothic architecture, a bit underestimated by some tourist,  but worth of seeing  and strongly recomended


PARIS – THE LOUVRE PYRAMID (Pyramide du Louvre)


One of the most spectacular landmarks of Paris after Eiffel Tower, is the Pyramid surrounded with few smaller pyramids , located at the main courtyard of the most famous museum of Paris – Louvre musem.                                                                            

The large, glass and steel pyramid was designed by famous japaneese architect L.M.Pei, as the new  entrance with much bigger capacity of visitors, leading to the underground of the main courtyard , sort of a lobby, the hall with a spiral stairs, the lift in the center and finally to that great monumental museum.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   The Structure have been comissioned by the french president   François Mitterrand  in 1984 , and was a subject of many discussions between equally fanatic,  the opponents and the  believers of the architect’s futuristic idea.

One can understand why  the discussons were so zealous ; the monumental building of Louvre from the period, required a really grand entrance to the building, on the other hand it had to be quite obscure, not to cover up the existing palace and the glass and steel mixture was the perfect solution – now many architects consider the Pyramid a really innovative design  at those times and everyone agrees that it sorted out the problem with the entrance to Louvre, once and forever.

The shape of a pyramid was from ancient time a symbol of tribute, of something great, sort of a pro – naos, introduction  to the further exploring, to  the most precious treasures .

The designed pyramid of  louvre consists of exactly 666 panes of glass, and that number was often associated with the satanistic cult. This matter was also mentioned in  Dan Brown‘s ” Davinci Code“, where the number was connected with the masonic lodge  and also that on of the smaller  pyramides, the inversed one,  is pointing the location of holy grail.

Despite alll myths and legends about construction, location and meaning of the pyramids of Louvre , they are undoubtedely one of the most beautyful and famous skylights in the old continent.


LONDON – GREEN PARK CANADA MEMORIAL


The sculpture unveiled by HM The Queen in 1994 as a memorial , tribute to all thosethousands canadians who joined the British  Army and were killed during two World Wars  of the twientieth century.

The square sculpture covered with maple leaves designed by Pierre Granche symbolises one piece , divided into two parts by a walkway – like two countries Great Britain and Canada  in joint participation in both wars.

Interesting and very attractive  feature of the Green Park.


LONDON – BUCKINGHAM PALACE- GORING HOUSE- ARLINGTON HOUSE


Tha Palace located in the centre of  Westminster district , a former house of duke of Buckingham, today the residence of the Queen and her royal familly and  also a place of the states occasions  –                                                                                                          

Built in 1705 to the design of  William Winde , and enlarged in 19th century by John Nash and Edward Blor , who formed three wings around the central courtyard.

The site was occupied previously by two other buildings ; Goring house and  Arlington house – both of them were pulled down and on its place the Buckingham Palace was raised as a main, large  three storey tall block with the additional service wings at the sides .

The last re- shaping of the building took place in early 20th century where the traingular porticos to sides and over the central balcony have been added.

The building is surrounded with a curved cast iron railings with a very decorative reliefs and the statues and the dominating sculpture of the place is teh memorial of  Queen Victoria made of white marble with the fountains.

The building is surrounded with a curved cast iron railings with a very decorative reliefs and the statues and the dominating sculpture of the place is teh memorial of  Queen Victoria made of white marble with the fountains.                                                                                                                                                                                                                         

Whatever people say about the design of the building, one can not deny it is one of the biggest attraction in London -some people dare to say only because of the fact that royal family lives there. 


LONDON – ST.JAMES’S PARK


One of the oldest royal parks in London, a central park that  lies in front of  the Buckingham Palace, neighbouring the Green Park and Horse Guards building on the other side, along the grand royal route – The Mall  leading through the eastern  triumphal arch  to the Buckingham Palace.

 Originally the land was bought by Henry VIII and then remodelled by french landscaper Andree Mollet  in a very geometric style, then redesigned several times and the Park we know today has been designed in a romantic style by famous english architect and landscaper John Nash.

The most distinctive features of the park are  irregularly shaped lake and two islands creating the perfect envinroment for large numer of birds.

Another interesting feature is the bridge crossing the lake in the middle and providing the great views at the Buckingham Palace and the main building of the Foreign and Commonwealth Offices. 

The closest tube stations are  Victoria, Westminster and St. James’s Park