The most famous and most visited monument of Krakow/Cracow.Located in North – East corner of Krakow’s medieval square, is a symbol of city’s history, and one of the most precious monuments in old town centre.
The church has been built in 13-th century in gothic era after the first romanesque church had been destroyed by Turkish invaders.The three naves have been rised , the main, middle one which was the tallest and one smaller nave to each side of it, with half circular chapels, main oltar at the end, and two different height towers to the front of the building.
We can see lots of little long windows with pointed/lancet arches, so popular in central europe at those times.
The main body of the building has been made of red, local manufactured brick, with many stone surrounds, stone or brick window heads and sills, the two towers have been covered with the spires, each in different style.
The taller tower has been designed on a square plan, then, in the end it turns into octagonal, on the other side, shorter tower is square in plan , with the size getting gradually smaller aproaching the top.
After few centuries the octagonal in plan lobby has been added in a baroque style with neo- gothic stone pinacles.
To the side of basilica you can see the massive, vertical windows with stone surrounds and subdivided to few stone moulions ended with another internal lancet arches ,oculuses and cusps, and all windows have been decorated with the stained glass.
At the external side of the brick walls we can see the brick buttress piers between the windows, with set offs, without flying butress in this case but with pinacles with crockets and finials.
If you want to find out more about gothic architecture commonelements, please see a fantastic blog:
EDF Energy London Eye – formally opened by Tony Blair in 1999 – for many people, one of the biggest tourist attraction of London after the Buckingham Palace and the rumours about the royal scandals but there are also some more critical opinions like of Sir Richard Rogers, who basically said that from architectural point of view London gained nothing but another symbol and another structure to climb on and lookback down it , just like Eiffel Tower in Paris – form my point of view that is not fair.
The weel has been designed by architectural team which consisted of : Frank Anatole, Nic Bailey, Steven Chilton, Malcolm Cook, Mark Sparrowhawk, Julia Barfield , David Marks.
Located on the south bank of London, opposite the London Parliament and Big Ben tower, the structure is generating 3.5 happy customers every year.
The tallest ferris weel in Europe, with 32 stell and reinforced glass capsules (symbolizing each borough of London), which are air conditoned and spin very slowly around the big weel/loop
It is unforgetable experience to see the town from such a height, and I am sure sir Richard Rogers would definitely change his mind if he ever had a chance to experience this feeling.
By the way designed by him building, O2 Arena – Millenium Dome is giving the city one function only , (apart from the commercial one), is providing a concert hall for the city , and that is just enogh for me, and many others.
Thames River water regulating barrier is located in east part of London, Greenwich .It is clear for everyone and has been known for many years that the famous british river is very vulnerable to flooding and storm surges coming from the Atlantic Ocean.
The solution to that problem was to invent a sort of tame, barrier which would span across the River and block the excessive flow of water.The construction of the structure has been mainly completed in 1982.
It consists of a seven piers resembling the shells or a form of a swiveled half bodies of ships embedded in a renforced concrete base, and anchored deep at the river bed.Between the piers we can see the horizontal laid cylinders being the actual gates, and the steel, yellow painted mechanical arms, operating the opening and closing the gates.
Althogh the construction was created almost 20 years ago, it has undoubtedly a remarkably contemporary character.The designing company Rendel, Palmer and Tritton used a very expressive shapes to form the overall look of the piers, and finished it with a very shiny metal which even from a further distance distinguishes from the scenery.
Really fascinating construction and its unusual appearance draws many tourists’ attention and is another very good reason to visit this area of London .
For me at least as sexy as the painting Birth of Venus by Sandro Boticelli 😉
Let me introduce you a very absorbing bridge located in the centre of Dublin, called after James Joyce, designed by Santiago Calatrava.
The bridge was opened in 2003, structure is designed as tied- arch bridge, 30 m wide and 40 m long, and is connecting the South and the North side of Dublin.
We can see that functionally it has been divided into one, middle passage for a vehicular traffic, and two pedestrian walkways on both side of the bridge.
On each side, between pedestrian and vehicular traffic, there is a special area excluded for people who want to stop and admire the Liffey River.
The designer used basically only three materials for it’s construction; glass , concrete and steel.
You can distinguish nice details of stainless strained steel cables/wire ropes stretching from the top of the arch to the bottom support- the structure has no support below the deck of the bridge whatsoever .
Personally I really like the way of designing the steel and glazed balustrade, and it’s connection to the existing retaining wall.
The architect, structural engineer S.Calatrava , here again did very well and I think he prooved that no architecture is to small for the good designer.
The building looks esspecially charming when illuminated by night.
An ancient beauty and a symbol of excelence and the perfection.
The buidling located in the centre of Rome, is a glamorous example of ancient temples.
Edifice has been built by Marcus Agrippa, roman general and statesman , and originally has been dedicated to all ancient roman gods .
In the begining the building was surrounded by many gods sculptures and had a stepped approach with the pediment.
The temple is circular in plan, consists of three ranks of grey granite Corinthian columns which support a triangular stone portico/porch (originally there were two of them), pronaos (columnade leading to the entrance ) and a main chamber of a temple which is a rotonda that houses a nishes, apses and the oltars of the cult figures.
In the next centuries after conversion the temple into a catholic church, the gods figures were replaced by figures and thombes of the catholic saints, popes, great artists like Rafaell Santi, or music composer Corelli.
One of the most impressive things about the building is it’s interiour with roman concrete dome, oculus – the only sorce of direct light in the temple and lovely square coffers around the dome as well as the constructiion of the dome itself which thickness variess from 6.4 m at the base of the dome to 1.2m at the top .
No wonder why it is one of the most popular monuments in Rome for many centuries until today.
One more thing : when visitng that great edifice do not forgett about a lovely obelisk located outside, in front of the building, which was a very thoughtfull idea in terms of a composition of a square, housing the Temple.
This time I am going to present the slightly older, but still impressive building, the largest ever amphiteatre built in Roman Empire.
Located in the heart of Rome, to the east of the Roman Forum.It was constructed in 80 AD and until today is a wonderfull example of almost perfect, undoubtly beautyful architecture, transcendent patern for future thousands of stadiums.
The builders used all their knowledge and put a maximum effort to make sure that every element of the edifice was to ceasars standards and as technologicaly advanced as nowhere in the world, at those days.
They used a very steady travertine stone which gives the building a yellowish hue, the half collumns and pillars were all in roman architectural style, following : roman doric, roman ionic, roman corinthian which seems to be the perfect solution giing the lightness and an illusion as if the building was rising to the sky.
Very popular those days in rome but how greatly practical and functional use of the roman arches,vaults, which were able to add some bigger openings to the really massive walls and on the other hand it was an excellent way of making the built more stylish, and more decorative.
They proposed almost impossible as for those time capacity of the building ,and the building was capable of seating 50 000 spectactors.
Today it’s condition is slightly deteriorated but the structure is still considered as one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. Here you will find out more about the Colosseum
This lovely building was designed by one of the most famous architects in the world, Frank.O.Ghery – Ghery Partners.
Now is a centre of a cinematography and a very popular place of visit of parisiens.
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